Foundation repair is a necessary part of home maintenance. However, many homeowners tend to ignore this important task until the house is in dire need of repair. This is dangerous because when repairs are done too late, they are likely to cost more because the level of damage on the foundation, walls or other parts of the house will be more serious. There several signs that suggest that your building requires foundation repair. Here are some of them.
- Cracks on the foundation
It is common for vertical cracks to occur on house foundations. Most vertical cracks are caused by tension in the concrete and thus don’t suggest any significant damage to a building. However, diagonal cracks suggest that the foundation is sinking unevenly. Foundations that show differential settling need be repaired because cracks can widen and cause considerable damage.
Horizontal cracks in the foundation indicate serious damage due to hydrostatic and lateral pressure. Such cracks need to be repaired quickly because if they are not attended to, they can cause the wall to give in.
- Windows and doors that are sticking
If your doors and windows start to get sticky or difficult to open or close, the wall could have moved slightly due to foundation damage. The stickiness indicates that the frames of doors or windows have bent or become twisted due to the forces acting on the walls as a result of the faulty foundation.
- The occurrence of gaps between the wall and the floor or ceiling
The occurrence of gaps between the wall and the floor or between the wall and a finished ceiling also suggests that the walls are moving because of a shifting foundation.
- Sinking or uneven floor
A sinking or uneven floor also indicates that the foundation of a house is sinking unevenly and needs to be inspected and repaired.
- Sinking foundation
If one side of the house sinks more into the ground than the other sides, the house’s foundation is faulty. This can be as a result of unstable ground or a poorly done foundation that needs to be reinforced.
- Bowing basement walls
Bowing basement walls are a sign of increased hydrostatic pressure as the soil that surrounds the basement walls accumulates water and exerts more pressure on the walls. This problem needs to be fixed quickly since any delay could lead to cracks, which will cause the wall to bow even further. Cracks on the basement wall can also increase seepage of water, which will damage the foundation. If you notice any of the above signs or symptoms contact a professional immediately!